Verses 16-20. Jesus speaks to the people of Nazareth, His own home town. What does His use of Is. 61:1-2 teach them of His mission?
His mission is to bring good news to the poor, proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, and to let the oppressed go free. The Spirit of the Lord is upon Him. He is God’s anointed One, the One spoken about in the scroll of the prophet Isaiah.
Why is the claim of verse 21 so startling:
They knew Jesus as Joseph’s son, who grew up in their town, just an ordinary boy.
Verses 22-30. The people were moved but not convinced. How did Jesus interpret to them their unspoken thoughts, and what did He go on to imply? What made them so angry:
They wanted proof! They wanted Jesus to show them something to prove He is who He says He is. He told them a prophet is not accepted in His hometown and gave two examples of the prophet Elijah and the prophet Elisha. This made the people angry and they wanted to throw Jesus off the cliff the town sat on. But Jesus passed through the midst of them and went His way.
Notice the time of the temptation, immediately after the revelation of 3:22, and at the opening of Jesus’ ministry. What light does this throw on the devil’s challenge, ‘if you are the Son of God’ (4:3,9)?
It has already been proven that Jesus is God’s Beloved Son!, as God spoke in Luke 3:22.
Consider the special subtlety of each temptation, and the means by which Jesus in each case parried the thrust. What does this teach us for our own defense against temptation:
The bible has the answer. Study and know God’s Word. God will not let us be tempted more than we can handle and He will always provide a way out.
What may we learn from this passage of the nature of temptation? At what times temptation may come, what sort of circumstances the tempter may use (Mark 4:2)? How does the passage show that temptation is not a sin?
Temptations come when our defenses are lowered, down, weak. As when Jesus had just spent 40 days in the desert and was famished, so the devil tempted Him with the suggestion to turn a rock into bread so He could eat. If you don’t act on temptations, then you are not sinning.
What, according to the preaching of John, are the cause (verses 7-9, 16-17), nature (verses 8, 10-14), and outcome (verses 3, 15-17) of repentance:
cause: Not bearing good fruit. Those not bearing good fruit will end up in hell.
nature: Be satisfied with what you have. Don’t cheat others, share what you have extra of with others.
outcome: Accept Jesus and be baptized with the Holy Spirit and fire. Be saved and enter Heaven for all of eternity.
What did Jesus’ baptism, and the voice from heaven, mean (a) to Jesus Himself, and (b) to the others present:
That God the Father was well pleased with Jesus and the others heard the voice of God say that Jesus was His Beloved. John the Baptist testified to this also.
Consider the fearless honesty of John, note also its result:
Because John was honest with Herod and rebuked him, because Herod had married his brother’s wife and committed many crimes, so he had John thrown into prison.
Verse 49. What was the consequence in His life of Jesus’ unique relation to God?
To be fully obedient to His Father in Heaven and also to His parents on earth. There are a lot of years unspoken about. From birth to 12 years of age, then to age 30. During this time the bible says: And Jesus increased in wisdom and in years, and in divine and human favor.
In what way does this truth apply to us, as sons and daughters of God:
I don’t know if my answer above is right, or even in the ballpark? I guess it is not? So how to answer this question isn’t easy either. My guess would be how does my relationship with God effect my life? I have been, for the most part of my life, obedient. I think this has to do with the “fear” my parents put in me if I screwed up, consequences would be had. I have carried this feeling over into my walk with God. If I screw up, consequences would be paid. I think this is true, but now I know if I ask for forgiveness, it is granted, but there may be “consequences” that the laws of the land will put on my shoulders depending on the extent of my “sin.”
How does the story illustrate the truths of verses 40 and 52:
The story is about at the age of 12 Jesus, visisting Jerusalem with His parents and family for Passover, Jesus stayed behind after His family left. They journeyed for 1 day before they realized He was not with them. They returned to Jerusalem and searched for Him three days before finding Him in the temple. Asking Him why He was there, His response was: “Did you now know that I must be in my Father’s house?” As Jesus grew, He increased in wisdom, and in divine and human favor.
What did the appearance of Jesus mean to Simeon and to Anna:
That the consolation of Israel and the redemption of Jerusalem was at hand. And they both could die in peace now that the birth of Jesus, the promised Messiah, was fulfilled.
What, according to verses 30-32, was to be the scope of His work:
A light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel.
This is the first time I realized that it is mentioned early in the life of Jesus, Simeon states that Jesus also came to save the Gentiles.
Verses 34-35. What was to be the effect of Jesus’ coming on different classes of people?
Jesus coming had the same effect on all classes of people, to treat all the same, whether poor or rich, for all are God’s creation.
What would be the cause of men’s falling and rising:
Jesus is to be a sign that will be opposed so that the inner thoughts of many will be revealed.